Ngày: Tháng Tám 17, 2020

NELSON MANDELA

Nelson Mandela , Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, byname Madiba, (born 18 July 1918, Mvezo, South Africa—died 5 December 2013, Johannesburg)   Nelson Mandela was a Black Nationalist and the first Black president of South Africa (1994 – 99). He helped end the apartheid system of racial segregation and led the country to a multiracial democracy. In …

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MUHAMMAD YUNUS

Economist and Nobel Peace Laureate Muhammad Yunus has become internationally renowned for his revolutionary system of micro-credit (small loans to entrepreneurs too poor to qualify for traditional bank loans) that has helped millions to escape poverty.   Born in the seaport city of Chittagong, Bangladesh, Yunus’ life is motivated by his vision of a world …

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DESMOND TUTU

Desmond Tutu is one of South Africa’s most well-known human rights activists, winning the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in resolving and ending apartheid. Born in 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal, South Africa, he became the first Black Anglican Archbishop of both Cape Town and Johannesburg. Known as the voice of the voiceless Black …

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PETER BENENSON

Peter Benenson was born in London in 1921. Despite a rather unhappy childhood, including the death of his father when Peter was nine, his innate idealism soon emerged. At Eton, the 15-year-old organised support for the Spanish republican government as it fought the military uprising and he himself “adopted” a Spanish baby, undertaking to pay …

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MARTIN LUTHER KING

Martin Luther King, Jr. was one of the twentieth century’s best-known advocates for nonviolent social change. (Original name Michael King, Jr., born 15 January 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.—died 4 April 1968, Memphis, Tennessee).   Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist who led the Black civil rights movement in the United States …

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MAHATMA GANDHI

(Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born 2 October 1869, Porbandar, India—died 30 January 1948, Delhi)   Ghandi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. Gandhi is known world-wide for his belief and practice of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and …

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